The great Nafud

Great Nafud consists of huge sand dunes that occupy about 56320 sq. km. Of the northern territories of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, this great desert which has a triangle like shape is more than 500 km. Long, and 300 km. Wide.

The highest dunes are located in the southern and western edges of these pilgrims caravans used to cross the great Nafud through Zubaidahs Path towards the western edge of the desert.

There are different kinds of plants that grow in the great Nafud such as:

Haloxylon presidium. Caliginous comosum, Airtimes monosperma.

There are also different kinds of animal species that live in this desert such as: reptiles, wolves, and foxes

The mosque of umar bin Al-Kattab

One of the most important monuments of dumat Al-Jandal is the mosque attributed to Umar Bin Al-Kattab, the second caliph this mosque is located in the middle of the old town close to the marred fortress.

It has one minaret set at the southwest corner of the mosque, independent of the rest of the building; the minaret is squared at its bottom and has a pyramid like shape at the top.


This important site lies at a distance of about 8-km. To the south of Sakaka. The pottery shreds found in this location belong to the Nabataean period that dates back to the first century BC

Marred Fortress

This is the most striking antiquity in Al-Jouf province and probably the most impressive structure to be seen in north Saudi Arabia.

It is a walled fortress overlooking the ancient town of Dumat Al-Janadal.

It is said to have been originally built by duma, the son of prophet Ismail (P.B.U.H.)

The well of Saisra.

This well, carved in a semi- conceit shape, is located in Sakaka about 200-m south- west of Zabal fortress hewn at the side of the well is a staircase leading down to the bottom.

The lower parts of Sakaka were once irrigated from Saisra well by means of underground channels.

Zabal Fortress

This small castle, standing on the summit of sandstone hill on the northwestern edge of Sakaka, is the most impressive structure in the town.

This fortress is built of mud-bricks and stone.

It has four towers, but only one is currently in good condition.

From Zabal there is a fine view of Sakaka, with its green farms and gardens and the desert beyond.

The castle is reached by ascending the mountain along a narrow and winding track.


Kaff is a small village close to the mountain of Assi Idi in Al-Qurriaiyat area in kaff there is huge castle which is said to have been built by Shaikh Annory Bin Sha, lan 82 years ago.


A small village near Al-Qurraiyat.

In ethrah, there are some ruins that date back to the Nabataean era. There is also a castle

Called the castle of Mohammed Bin Sultan, which had been under use until, a few years ago.




This unique site of standing stone pillars is located about 10 Km.

South east of Sakaka on the northern edge of the great Nafud. UN fortunately most of these pillars have fallen and broken

There are about fifty groups, each group comprising from two to nineteen columns,

The height and width of the columns vary: some are as high as 3.5 m.

And as wide as 75 cm.

There are various incised tribal marks on a number of columns one group of marks is possibly a Thamudic inscription.